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建议收藏 |这里有一份精心整理的寒假阅读清单,请查收!

常听见有同学抱怨某个学科枯燥难学,但你知道吗,或许你只是还没有爱上它。一旦你对某一学科产生兴趣,努力推开那扇未知的大门,你很有可能深陷学习,不能自拔!


阅读学科课外书是产生学习兴趣的好方法。为此,光华剑桥各学科组精心筛选并推荐了许多书目,适合不同阶段的同学阅读。每个学科组还贴心的撰写了阅读指南,帮助不同年级和阶段的同学选出适合的好书。话不多说,在即将到来的寒假,赶紧照着这份书单充实你的阅读清单吧!



数学

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阅读指南

我们俗称的数学其实是一个庞大的体系,往下可以细分为代数几何,数论,微积分,概率,逻辑等等。和国内高中不同,alevel的数学涉及广泛但并不深入,这是为了让学生接触更多的内容,从而找到感兴趣的部分,并且在大学深入学习。

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所以对于有志于数学方向的同学,读数学史会让你更加了解这个学科古往今来的发展轨迹,更好的确定自己的兴趣所在又或是未来的远大目标。对此,我们推荐阅读的是美国著名作家M.克莱因的几本著作。《古今数学思想》这套书介绍了从古美索布达米亚,古埃及开开始一直到近代20世纪以来数学思想的发展,从古希腊开始一直崇尚几何蔑视代数,一直到十六世纪后古阿拉伯数学和欧洲数学的碰撞,几何走下神坛,代数(微积分)的兴起,数学的思想终于得以解放,走向了更广阔的分支。这本数学史专业也不乏趣味,适合有一定数学基础的同学阅读。而克莱因的另一本著作《数学确定性的丧失》则是一本讨论现代数学的发展方向的书籍,适合对于应用数学感兴趣的同学食用。


《天才引导的历程》,《什么是数学》这两本书的科普性更强一些,对于学习数学比较吃力、或者觉得乏味的同学,这两本书也许可以激发你的数学思维,感叹天才推导过程中灵光一闪的魅力。


《普林斯顿微积分读本》和《微积分学教程》这两本书是推荐给学习微积分感觉比较吃力,或者是想更深入学习一些的同学的。国内的数学课程是不涉及微积分的,所以一些同学找不到比较好的参考书籍,这两本是美国和俄罗斯的经典教材,非常适合初学者使用。


除此之外,微积分方向Rudin的书也是数学工程必备的读物,概率统计方向推荐Ross的概率论基础,都写的比较朴实易懂,也都有习题供练习。在下个学期,我们还会给同学们提供其他的数学课外阅读书,希望同学们能开阔眼界,提高学习数学的兴趣。


——王铉淇老师

推荐阅读:

《古今数学思想》

《数学确定性的丧失》

《天才引导的历程》

《什么是数学》

《普林斯顿微积分读本》

《微积分学教程》

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更多推荐详见元培楼4楼数学组好书推荐展板!




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英语

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阅读指南

每次提到书目推荐,我都觉得这是一个很可疑的命题,因为书单是一个特别个性化和私人化的事情,各花入各眼,每个人的阅读口味都不尽相同。但无论如何,寒假将至,有了大块可以自由支配的时间,正是读书的好时光,因此英语组的老师们一合计,就有了这份推荐书目和推荐书单。

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通过听说读写的模块学习是我们日常英语学习的主要模式。拿阅读举例,阅读学术文章节选,学会阅读技巧,积累词汇是主要的学习任务,而在学术阅读之外,繁重的学期里很难有时间沉下心来,做一些文学阅读,不为刷题提分,而仅仅是享受英语之美,体验英语世界里的不同文化和理念带来的新鲜感,以及由此引发的思考。因此,这份寒假书单就具有了很强的文学性。文学阅读看则无用,实际上却是以一种母语学习者的方式来学习英语的途径。这一点,只要想想我们是如何学习中文的,或许就能明白了。这份书单同时兼顾了经典和趣味,经过时间历练的经典书籍,必定有其过人之处,只待读者自行去体会和发现。


最后但并非最不重要的一点,希望各位同学们在这个假期,给自己留出一段纯粹阅读的时间,挑选任何你感兴趣的英语书籍,读下去,就好了。


——陈广适老师

好书荐读:

《西南联大英文课》

《成为》—米歇尔.奥巴马自传

(推荐直接阅读英文版哦!)

牛津通识读本系列

《English Vocabulary in Use》(工具书)

《AdvancedGrammarinUse》(工具书)


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更多推荐详见元培楼4楼英语组好书推荐展板!

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物理

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阅读指南

物理组有两类推荐书目:科普类和学术类。

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科普类有《物理世界奇遇记》,《上帝掷骰子吗》《鬼脸物理课》和《The Cartoon Guide to Physics》。这些书籍大多文风幽默,以故事的形式,将整个物理学史娓娓道来,浅读有趣,深读烧脑。学术类有《费恩曼物理学讲义》,《大学物理》(作者:Young and Freedman)等。其中《费恩曼物理学讲义》全书对物理基本概念、定理和定律的讲解不仅生动清晰,通俗易懂,而且特别注重从物理上作出深刻的叙述。更可贵的是,费恩曼教授从未直指他所说的是必定正确的,而是从一开始就告诉你,我们得到的只是近似,所有的待解的都需要你自己去发现,所有的都是未知。而这之后,真是一段长长的旅程,如果你真正在学习物理,读完之后,你必定知道,他并不是借数学在述说物理,而只是借用了数学表达,如同我们需要借助语言,来表达物理的极致美!


喜欢物理和将来有志于申报工程物理类的同学们,强烈推荐大家多看书,多涉猎,才能发现自己的兴趣所在。多看大师著作,有助于拓深理解,宽阔见识,让我们一起来感受物理之美!


——瞿周英老师

好书推荐:

《物理世界奇遇记》

《上帝掷骰子吗》

《鬼脸物理课》

《费恩曼物理学讲义》

《大学物理》(作者:Young and Freedman)

《The Cartoon Guide To Physics》

《时间简史》

《The Universe In A Nutshell》

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更多推荐详见元培楼4楼物理组好书推荐展板!

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心理

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阅读指南

Did you know that reading can improve brain function and enhance connectivity in the brain?

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We (the psychology department) recommended a range of books that are based on fundamental principles of both the AS and A2 CIE psychology courses, which can be used to broaden knowledge and understanding of the material studied in class. Exploring the material of the CIE course in further depth, will increase students performance in the exam due to confidence in their subject knowledge which can be applied to a variety of different exam style questions. 


Additionally, psychology is present in ones everyday life and although the CIE psychology course is broad and varied it cannot simply explore the whole of psychology as it is vast. By reading around the subject it not only provides the opportunity to enhance knowledge it also presents the opportunity to find something of interest to you personally. Due to psychology being such a diverse subject, there is something of interest to all individuals. 


We also recommended a range of books for further studies and career development, which can be used to explain the abundance of diverse careers available to those who are thinking of majoring in psychology. We highly recommend engaging in reading about further studies or career development for those who think that they may be interested in majoring in psychology in the future. We often have many inquiries from students who are thinking of this career path (majoring in psychology) but both they and their parents are concerned or unaware of the range of careers they could go onto excel in. By reading this type of material students will educate themselves on the endless life and career opportunities that will present themselves by majoring in a broad and interesting subject like psychology. 


All University studies require students to complete wider reading in order to complete assignments and study for exams and students will be provided with a multitude of obligatory reading lists that will need to be read in order to successfully complete the course and your studies. If wider reading is not completed, students will be solely relying on notes made during lectures, which could result in identical essays to peers being produced. Wider reading can be a daunting skill to master, so by starting now, it provides the opportunity for students to be learning good habits, developing skills and techniques and getting into good practice, which will contribute significantly to a student’s preparation for further studies. 


In order to access the reading material provided, we have a number of these books located in Taihe 206, which students are encouraged to browse and borrow at their own leisure. Books that are not available in hard copy could be purchased through Amazon or alternatively the reading material could be found through subscriptions to journal articles online.


——Eleanor Lightowler

好书推荐:

《Freud-The Interpretation of Dreams》

《TheMan Who Mistook his Wife for a Hat》

《Majoring in Psychology-Achieving your educational and career goals》

《Abnormal psychology》

《Predictably Irratiional:The Hidden Forces that Shape Our Decisions》

《Phantoms in the Brain》

《The Social Animal》

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更多推荐详见元培楼3楼心理组好书推荐展板!

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地理

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阅读指南

When studying any humanity subject, it is vitally important to read beyond the subject in order to not only improve your subject specific understanding, but also to improve key skills in literacy. The books we have chosen allow students to improve their Geography skills and understanding, as well as providing useful case study information that can be included in essays. Geography is not about studying units in isolation; it is about being able to synoptically link ideas and concepts from Human and Physical Geography. Wider reading enables students to broaden their contextual understanding of the subject and understand their own sense of place.

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Geography matters now more than ever because of global crises that range from migration to climate change to pandemics.  Students should keep up to date with daily news events, in newspapers, and online news sites such as The Guardian.  It not only exposes us to various ecology issues and environmental concerns, but helps us  think about ways in which we can make our own personal steps towards sustainability. 


 All too often the full picture of this change is obstructed by dense data sets and particular catastrophes.  Therefore, we also have a range of books available based on this such as “Adventures in the Anthropocene” by Gaia Vince.  In this book Vince explores the lives of ordinary people who are solving severe crises in ingenious, and effective ways. These wonderful stories, combined with the new science that underpins Gaia's expertise and research, make for a persuasive, illuminating — and strangely hopeful — read on what the Anthropocene means for our future. 


While some of the readings suggested traditionally been used in school English departments, they provide students with the study of places, landscapes, environments, and people, and how they have affected each other over time. For example, The Kite Runner’ by Khaled Hosseini is an excellent book for the physical and socio-political atmosphere of Afghanistan in the 1970’s. The story also touches on the concepts of ethnic discrimination, education, migration and the difficulties of assimilating into society. Students would be introduced the concepts of human rights issues that arise from ethnic rivalries, the history of political influence of Afghanistan, the concept of displaced people and the challenges associated with this. 


Students can access any of the Books mentioned, along with articles and geographical magazines in Taihe room 216.  Alternatively, there is a wide range of online journals and articles on sites such as The Geographical Journal- Wiley Online Library.  Many of these are free to browse or may require an online subscription.


——Breda Woods

好书推荐:

《Sustainable Energy- Without the Hot Air》

《Worth Dying for the Power and Politics of Flags》

《The Map that Changed the World》

《The Revenge of Geography》

《The Grapes of Wrath》

《Pedalling to Hawaii》

《Prisoners of Geography》

《Making Development Geography》

《Adventures in the Anthropocene》

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更多推荐详见元培楼3楼地理组好书推荐展板!

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历史

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阅读指南

‘Books are the quietest and most constant of friends; they are the most accessible and wisest of counselors, and the most patient of teachers’.  -Charles W. Elio-

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Reading can be a fun and imaginative time, which opens doors to all kinds of new worlds. In History we are lucky to have such a range of literature that pupils can investigate and develop with. History itself is like a story with lots of unexpected twists and turns. Children who read for enjoyment every day not only perform better, but also develop a broader vocabulary, increased general knowledge and a better understanding of other cultures. All of these aspects are key within history as it is such an English based subject. You should read historical fiction specifically, both for its intrinsic interest and for its insight into cultural climates. The books we have chosen in history help pupils focus on this. Reading historical fiction allows us to be moved by what happened. Even after we know the facts, we continue to search for sense and meaning. The books we have chosen help exercises the imagination through a vicarious experience. They should allow students to use themselves and their own lives as comparisons to the characters that lived long ago and often, far away, to reflect on their own experience. It awakens awareness, perks up perception, sparks conversations. Reading historical fiction can lead a child to ask, ”What’s my voice? What’s my view? Which side should I be on? Is there a right side?“ So really, what we’re trying to do through historical fiction is to help our students realize they are what history is. What they do matters. They had better pay attention and work hard as the knowledge they develop will help their grade but also broaden their minds as well.


——Luke Blakebrough






好书推荐:

《Age of Anger-A History of the Present》

《The Kite Runner》

《The Book Thief》

《FarewelltoManzanar》

《ATaleofTwoCities》

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更多推荐详见元培楼3楼历史组好书推荐展板!

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生物

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阅读指南

Reading around is important because it puts the content learnt in class into a wider context of real life Science. It helps students to appreciate that there is more to Biology than learning facts and fosters an understanding of the fact that the scientific process is dynamic, and at any time in history is only ever a concensus of expert opinion based on the available evidence at the time.

——Neil Roscoe

好书推荐:

《The Red Queen》

《The Selfish Gene》

《Double Helix》

《In The Blood》

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更多推荐详见元培楼2楼生物组好书推荐展板!

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经济

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阅读指南

Economics is a challenging discipline, requiring students to have both technical expertise in economic theory and the ability to flexibly apply these theories to the real world. 

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Students who focus on learning textbook economic theory often find economics to be a remote discipline, consisting of endless definitions and devious graphs with little meaning outside of the classroom. This could not be further from the truth; you live in a world of economic realities and these realities are inescapable. Understanding how the economy functions and the part you play in it can allow you to live with a greater purpose. Moreover, the way the economy is and the part you play in it can be changed by conscious action and social engagement – if you understand economics you can change the world you inhabit for the better. 


By reading widely outside of their textbooks students can develop a more sophisticated understanding of economic ideas and an improved ability to apply these concepts both inside and outside of the classroom. Moreover, economics intersects with many other disciplines, such as history and geography, and students who read widely can start to appreciate these links. The books recommended below can help students to deepen their engagement with the subject and become more reflective.


——Andrew Smith


给A/AS Level同学的读书建议:

Universities often publish recommended reading and resource lists for students interested in studying a degree programme. You can find these lists under the preliminary reading section of a degree course webpage. For instance:

http://www.lse.ac.uk/Study-at-LSE/Undergraduate/Degree-programmes-2020/BSc-Economics 

Students should also read a good quality newspaper or periodical on a regular basis to maintain an up to date knowledge of current economic events. The most respected economics and financial newspapers are The Financial Times and The Wall Street Journal. The Economist is also an excellent publication to deepen students understanding of economics and how theory and reality interact. Further book recommendations can also be found in these publications. 


给Pre/G年级同学的读书建议:

When students first begin learning economic theory, they often struggle to understand how these theories relate to the real world. Younger students can benefit from reading any books that provide an account of economic life, be it fictional or historical. 





好书推荐:

如果你想要申请经济专业,请参阅以下书籍:


《99%: Mass Impoverishment And How We Can End It》By Mark E Thomas 

《Extreme Economies: Survival, Failure, Future — Lessons from the World’s Limits》by Richard Davies

《A Better Planet: Forty Big Ideas for a Sustainable Future》by Daniel Esty

《Poor Economics: A Radical Rethinking of the Way to Fight Global Poverty》by Abhijit BanerjeeEsther Duflo

《Down and Out in Paris and London》by George Orwell 

《The Grapes of Wrath》by John Steinbeck

《Mr China》by Tim Clissold

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更多推荐详见元培楼2楼经济组好书推荐展板!

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化学

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阅读指南

能让一个人一直走下去的,一定是这个人无比钟爱做的事情。对学科学习也是这样,如果不爱这门学科,是无法学好的。

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很多同学觉得化学难,那是因为还没爱上它,还没有了解化学是多么令人着迷的学科。而对于打算学习化学专业的同学,渊博的知识面是必不可少的素质。这次,化学组的老师们为大家推荐了9本科普性的读物,适合不同需求的同学阅读,希望大家能从阅读中获得乐趣,爱上化学,爱上学习化学。


这9本书里有的客观介绍了从古老的炼金术到现代化学理论的化学发展正史,也有的从不同角度讲述化学与人类充满“爱恨情仇”的历史传奇,这些都可以帮助同学们了解化学理论的产生并对其理解更深入;还有的描述与人类生活密切相关的化学反应,全面介绍化学实验相关,讲述历史上著名的化学药物分子,更有关于烹饪背后的化学过程。基本上都是严谨而妙趣横生的科普著作,旨在让大家了解化学,认识生活。


想知道氮肥是怎么发现,门捷列夫是怎么想出元素周期表的吗?想知道蛋糕为什么会膨胀,烤肉该用木炭还是瓦斯吗?赶紧去阅读吧!


——郁旻老师






好书推荐:

《Reactions》

《Oxygen-The Molecule that made the World》

《What Einstein Told His Cook2》

《General Chemistry》

《MoleculesThatChangedTheWorld》

《化学简史》

《A Short History Of Chemistry》

《The Joy Of Chemistry》

《The Disappearing Spoon》

《The Golden Book Of Chemistry Experiments》

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更多推荐详见元培楼2楼化学组好书推荐展板!


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最是书香能致远,读书之乐乐无穷。还记得雷博在开学典礼上语重心长的说,一个人的知识与智慧,有五分之一是从生活的经历中悟出来的,另外的五分之四,则是从书籍中获得的。让我们捧起书本,不断丰富和充实自己,在新的一年,继续努力阅读吧!

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